The Abolitionist Movement: Ending Slavery (Reform Movements in American History)

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Not a single slave revolted. Colonel Robert E. Lee of the U. Army was dispatched to put down the raid, and Brown was quickly captured. Brown was tried for treason against Virginia and hanged. At his trial, Brown exuded a remarkable zeal and single-mindedness that played directly to Southerners' worst fears. Few individuals did more to cause secession than John Brown, because Southerners believed he was right about an impending slave revolt.

Shortly before his execution, Brown prophesied, "the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood. From the beginning of the American Civil War , Union leaders identified slavery as the social and economic foundation of the Confederacy, and from were determined to end that support system. Meanwhile, pro-Union forces gained control of the Border States and began the process of emancipation in Maryland, Missouri and West Virginia.

Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on 1 January The passage of the Thirteenth Amendment ratified in December abolished slavery in the United States, officially freeing more than 50, people still enslaved in Kentucky and Delaware. In , Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation , which freed slaves held in the Confederate States as contraband.

Border states, except Delaware, began their own emancipation programs. Thousands of slaves escaped to freedom behind Union Army lines, and in many men started serving as the United States Colored Troops. The 13th Amendment to the U. Constitution took effect in December and ended slavery throughout the United States, except as a punishment for crime. It also abolished slavery among the Indian tribes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Prohibition in the United States. By country or region. Opposition and resistance. Abolitionism U. Main article: Compromise of Main article: John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry.

McPherson Princeton University Press. Tomlinson: Plainfolk Modernist. Oxford University Press. Encyclopedia of African American History, These and other African American temperance activists—including James W. Watkins Harper, William Wells Brown, and Frederick Douglass—increasingly linked temperance to a larger battle against slavery, discrimination, and racism.

In churches, coventions, and newspapers, these reformers promoted an absolute and immediate rejection of both alcohol and slavery.

Timeline of the Abolition Movement: -

The connection between temperance and antislavery views remained strong throughout the s and s. Frederick Douglass, who took the teetotaler pledge while in Scotland in , claimed, "I am a temperance man because I am an anti-slavery man. Drugs and Society.

Because the temperance movement was closely tied to the abolitionist movement as well as to the African American church, African Americans were preeminent promoters of temperance. Kouroo Contexture. Retrieved 15 August Olmstead, History of Religion in the United States , p.

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Common Sense and Related Writings. Palgrave Macmillan. New York: W. December 30, Civil War History. Lloyd An address, delivered before the free people of color, in Philadelphia, New-York, and other cities, during the month of June, 3rd ed. Western Journal of Black Studies. Smith Journal of Negro History. March New England Quarterly. Board of Education. Middletown, Connecticut : Wesleyan University Press.

The Abolitionist Movement

Retrieved 28 September Frontiers of Freedom: Cincinnati's Black Community, — The Right Church. Abingdon Press. A review of anti-abolition sermon, preached at Pleasant Valley, N.

American Anti-Slavery and Civil Rights Timeline

Benjamin F. Wile, August, Syracuse University Press. A history of Oberlin College from its foundation through the civil war. Oberlin College. Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press.

Alerts In Effect

The antislavery impulse, — Frederick Douglass , pp. Holloway House Publishing, Right and Wrong in Massachusetts. Boston: Dow and Jackson. Fuller The Martyrdom of Abolitionist Charles Torrey. Garrison Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, Quinn, "Expecting the Impossible? McGovern University of Tennessee Press. The Great Silent Army of Abolitionism.

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The Journal of Negro History. Pennsylvania History. April Worcester Women's History Project. Retrieved 23 July Clarke Co. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Boston: St Martin's. New York: Columbia University, Philadelphia, Pa. The Selling of Joseph: A Memorial. Retrieved 9 December Onuf ed. Litwack and August Meier, eds. Morone Yale University Press. Blue in American Historical Review April v. Archived from the original on 8 August Retrieved 22 April Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 4 April Abzug, Robert H.

Oxford, Bacon, Jacqueline. University of South Carolina Press, Barnes, Gilbert H. The Anti-Slavery Impulse — Reprint, Berlin, Ira and Leslie Harris eds. Slavery in New York. New Press, Blue, Frederick J. Louisiana State University Press, Bordewich, Fergus M. HarperCollins, Carey, Brycchan. Child, Lydia Maria. Boston: Allen and Ticknor. Thomas Jefferson: Reputation and Legacy. Edinburgh University Press. Crawford, Alan Pell Random House.

Delbanco, Andrew. The Abolitionist Imagination. Filler, Louis. The Crusade Against Slavery — New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. David Nathaniel Gellman. Griffin, Clifford S. Rutgers University Press, Hammond, John Craig and Matthew Mason eds. Harrold, Stanley. The Abolitionists and the South, — University Press of Kentucky, The American Abolitionists. Longman, Hassard, John R. Arno Press, Horton, James Oliver.